Why Must IoT and Sensors be Adopted in Disaster Management?

Why Must IoT and Sensors be Adopted in Disaster Management?

Enterprise Networking Mag | Thursday, September 23, 2021

Sensors can detect and give early alerts for wildfires, tornadoes, volcanic activity, cloudbursts, earthquakes, and other natural disasters.

FREMONT, CA: IoT cannot prevent disasters from occurring, but it can assist in identifying life-threatening risks, alerting authorities at an early stage, and assist in the rescue of individuals impacted, saving lives, resources, and money. The application of IoT technologies can improve emergency management and response, resulting in considerably better outcomes.

IoT helps reduce risks and improve reaction times by converting disaster management from reactive to proactive through sensors, robotics, and autonomous vehicles, among other things. Furthermore, improved communications systems aid in rescue operations. Moreover, the data collected by these devices reduces the chance of being caught off guard while also assisting everyone in making better judgments. Here is how to do it:


Water levels, volcanic activity, and barometer readings can be collected in near-real-time using IoT devices and sensors. Sensors can detect and give early alerts for wildfires, tornadoes, volcanic activity, cloudbursts, earthquakes, and other natural disasters. Predictive maintenance can also protect vital infrastructure (or any infrastructure, for that matter). The use of sensors to monitor pollutants and contaminants, including radioactive conditions, enables hazard reduction.


IoT-enabled response mechanisms, processes, and rehearsals can help improve emergency preparedness. Real-time data from cameras, cameras, and other connected devices can be integrated into infrastructure, allowing for real-time monitoring as well as historical and real-time data collection. This information enables city officials to prioritize repairs and do preventative maintenance. In addition, connected devices installed in buildings, roads, bridges, and other infrastructure can be utilized to send out alerts and improve communication. Furthermore, strategic stores of food, water, clothing, medical equipment, and other essential supplies can be monitored using IoT devices to guarantee acceptable levels.


Situational awareness is crucial in the immediate aftermath of a disaster to ensure that resources are allocated to have the greatest impact and support those who are most in need. Still, recovery efforts must be updated as conditions change. IoT technology installed throughout a city's infrastructure, in forests, or anyplace else for that matter, can be repurposed to detect emergencies, persons trapped, or the status of items like the power grid.

First responders require actionable information, and IoT may help with response plans and actions by using sensors to track critical personnel's movements and sensors and IoT-enabled cameras on the scene. Smart gear, which can monitor and report things like a firefighter's vital signs and on-scene conditions, allowing them to be pulled from the site if things get too dangerous, can help with situational awareness and incident management. First responders can also be connected with audio and visual sensors and autonomous drones and vehicles to monitor and analyze risky situations from a safe distance.

IoT automated systems can send out alerts, news, and other digital resources in real-time to keep the public informed. Mobile updates can provide critical information, such as the location of a tornado, as well as instructions on how to stay safe, find a safe spot, and resources for finding refuge or life-saving supplies. Connected digital signs like those found at bus stops, on highways, and in city squares can also be employed to disseminate important information instantly. Battery-powered IoT devices can enable limited communication services, such as emergency micro-messaging.

See Also: Top Internet of Things Solution Companies

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