What are the Advantages of Fiber Optic Communication?

What are the Advantages of Fiber Optic Communication?

Lester D'Souza, Enterprise Networking Mag | Saturday, December 25, 2021

Fiber optic cables are capable of transporting massive amounts of data at excessively high rates.

FREMONT, CA: The telecommunications business has been changed by fiber optical communications. Fiber optics have established the de facto standard for Ethernet backbone infrastructure, high-speed internet services, and general data networking due to its steady stability over many years.

Today, fiber optics are becoming more prevalent in small- to medium-sized commercial networks. The increased demand for IP-based devices, such as VoIP phones, IP cameras, and video conferencing units necessitates an expansion of bandwidth to support IP communications. Fiber optics may easily accommodate bandwidth-intensive devices due to their high throughput capabilities.

However, fiber optics are not free. The installation cost is considerably higher than that of standard copper wiring, and many firms still do not see the value of fiber in their networks. However, the following four benefits much surpass the installation costs.

Communicate Securely: Fiber optic cabling is widely regarded as one of the safest methods of communication. The cabling is constructed in such a way that interception of the transmission signaling is extremely difficult. Any attempt to puncture the glass cable will result in "light leakage," resulting in noticeable communication deterioration.

Compatibility with Electromagnetic Fields: Fiber optic cabling is waterproof to many external pressures that destroy copper cabling. Fiber optic cabling is highly suggested in industrial buildings where big motors, controllers, and air conditioners are constantly beginning and stopping. Electromagnetic and radio-frequency interference (EM/RFI) from equipment can result in data loss and increased latency for packet streams traversing the network.

Speed: Fiber-optic cabling is hundreds of times quicker than copper cabling. Glass fibers with a tiny diameter can provide bandwidths over ten gigabits per strand. While copper cabling is capable of these speeds, it would take a significant number of big diameter category 6 cables aggregated to achieve the speeds of a single fiber strand.

Distance: Fiber optic cable is the optimal transmission medium for long-distance, point-to-point hard-line communications. The 328-foot restriction on standard copper wiring inhibits long-distance communication, necessitating the adoption of signal extension equipment. Attenuation begins to set in towards the maximum reach of copper cables, resulting in a minor decline in the speed of gigabit transfers. Fiber cables are significantly superior and less expensive for long-distance connectivity, capable of transmitting data at speeds of over 10 gigabytes over distances of around 40 kilometers.

See Also: Top Technology Solution Companies for Telecom Industry

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