The Components of a Structured Cabling System

The Components of a Structured Cabling System

Lester D'Souza, Enterprise Networking Mag | Tuesday, June 14, 2022

Structured cabling is the foundation for reliable, fast communications, whether creating a new office or upgrading the current network.

Fremont, CA: Structured cabling is a system of low-voltage cable that links a wide range of devices to the network, including computers, copiers, printers, security cameras, telephones, and intercoms. Patch panels, trunks, and other components make up the structured cabling system, which can be constructed of copper or fiber cable. To be deemed "structured," a low voltage cabling system must combine the components in an efficient, ordered manner that makes sense for the specific application. There are no two structured cabling systems that are identical.

A structured cabling system is made up of several components such as:

Horizontal cabling

The majority of the wiring in the system is horizontal cabling. These wires will connect the outlets in the work area to the main hub. Each cable will terminate at a device, where it will be connected. Horizontal cabling also includes phone and computer outlets, as well as transition points where two different types of cables link. The horizontal cabling subsystem frequently includes cross connections using jumpers and patch cords.

Vertical cabling

The "backbone" of the structured cabling system is vertical cabling. It provides links between various spaces. Vertical cabling also includes conduits and raceways, as well as the cable routing components that make the structured cabling look nice and ordered.

Entrance facility cabling

Businesses will also need entrance facility cabling, which connects their building to an external telecommunications provider or a private network. They will have entry facility cabling linking the different buildings if they have many buildings in the same system.

Telecommunications enclosure

The termination and cross-connection point for all horizontal and vertical cables in the structured cabling system is the telecommunications enclosure (or room or closet). There are usually several components here, such as connecting equipment, auxiliary equipment, and so on.

Consolidation point

Although not all buildings have a consolidation point, bigger networks may include an environmentally controlled equipment room where routers, servers, and other network components are housed.

Work area components

Finally, there are the work area components, which are the most apparent portion of the structured cabling system because they are the part that employees engage with directly. Computers, desk phones, printers, and other workstation equipment are all included. Outlets, patch cables, PC adapters, and other work area components are included.

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