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As a relatively new market, IoT has a plethora of connectivity technologies contending for a piece of the ever-growing IoT market pie, as well as a plethora of potential runways.
Fremont, CA : IoT applications need the right type of network connectivity to succeed and even use multiple IoT wireless networks. IoT refers to physical devices having network connectivity, as well as the data collected or created by those devices. As a relatively new market, IoT has a plethora of connectivity technologies contending for a piece of the ever-growing IoT market pie, as well as a plethora of potential runways. Wireless technologies appropriate for IoT applications come in a variety of styles.
The following are some of the technologies best suitable for IoT:
Low-power wide-area networks (LPWANs) are a relatively new development that was created expressly to meet the needs of the Internet of Things. Large-scale IoT networks spanning enormous industrial and commercial campuses can be supported with this technology. LPWANs can only transport small blocks of data at a modest rate, making them excellent for applications that don't require a lot of bandwidth or need to be delivered quickly.
Cellular (4G and 5G)
Cellular networks using 4G technology provide broadband connectivity for voice calls and video streaming applications in consumer mobile markets. However, they are quite costly. However, they make an excellent choice as a backhaul from an LPWAN system. IoT data must be sent through the internet, with 4G being the greatest option globally in terms of capacity, scalability, and compatibility. 5G has received both good and bad coverage areas. The technology offers ultra-low latency and high-speed mobility.
Zigbee is a low-power, short-range wireless technology that is frequently used to improve coverage by passing sensor data across many sensor nodes. Zigbee has better data rates than LPWAN but lower power efficiency due to the mesh architecture.
Wi-Fi is essential for offering high-throughput data transfer in both the office and the household. However, the technology's fundamental limitations in coverage, scalability, and power consumption make it less common in IoT applications. Wi-Fi is not a viable choice for large networks of battery-powered IoT sensors, especially in the industrial IoT, due to its high energy consumption.
Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) is a method of transmitting small amounts of data from an RFID tag to a reader over a short distance using radio waves. The technology is being used in the retail and logistics sectors.
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