Major Applications of Wireless Sensor Networks

Major Applications of Wireless Sensor Networks

Enterprise Networking Mag | Saturday, October 30, 2021

Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) offer a variety of applications that make living more comfortable and cost-effective.

Fremont, CA:Physical and environmental factors are observed and monitored using WSNs, which are made up of spatially distributed and independent sensors. They are useful for sending recorded data to a central point over the network. With unique sensors integrated into the WSN, spatially scattered and dedicated networks aid in collecting various parameters. These networks are now employed in a variety of applications, including industry and consumer applications. Industrial process monitoring and control, machine health monitoring, and other applications are only a few examples.

Some of the major applications of a wireless sensor network are:

Intelligent buildings

Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) have shown to be an enabling technology for assisted living and have become critical in developing smart homes. WSNs are regarded as suitable for use in residential settings for a variety of purposes.

Environmental monitoring

The sensor nodes handle simple computations and data sending and receiving. These nodes are tiny and can be integrated into devices. Data collection is a common application in which data is collected via sensors from the surrounding environment. Environment monitoring has evolved into a critical area of control and protection, allowing for real-time systems and control contact with the physical environment.

Industrial supervision

Many academics are studying the creation of monitoring and supervisory control tools as a result of improvements in wireless communication, microelectronics, digital electronics, and highly integrated electronics, as well as the growing need for more efficient regulated electric systems.


Logistics is a multi-player industry that has evolved dramatically during the last ten years. When goods are connected to wireless sensor network nodes, the products are carried from a storeroom or warehouse onto a good carrier vehicle. Their nodes must self-organize and form a network of nodes capable of forwarding information about the commodities from one state to the outside world via a gateway.

Military applications

WSNs are made up of a lot of small sensor nodes. The cost of small nodes is significantly lower. The threat or security problems of being attacked by opponents are constantly present in military operations. These sensors can detect, identify, and classify threads based on their count, quantity, armoured vehicles or troops on foot, type and quantity of weapons they carry, and other factors. This application gives accurate real-time war images as well as improved situational awareness.

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