Common Types Of Network Cables In Communication Systems

Common Types Of Network Cables In Communication Systems

Lester D'Souza, Enterprise Networking Mag | Tuesday, May 04, 2021

Selecting among coaxial cable, twisted pair cable, and fiber optic cable primarily depends on the requirements and network topology.

FREMONT, CA: Computers, routers, switches, and storage area networks all use network cables to connect and transmit data and information. These cables serve as the carrier or medium for data transmission.

The ideal goal for the twenty-first century would be to fully eradicate the use of networking cables and live in a world where everything is done wirelessly. Until that time comes, people will have to make do with conventional networking cables to set up their servers, transfer important data, and run the machinery that keeps the businesses running. As a result, having a general understanding of the different types of cables currently in use is beneficial.

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There are various types of communications cables, and the best one to use depends on the overall design of the system's structure and topology. The "twisted pair cable" is the most widely used form of communications cable. Copper commination's cabling, commonly known as twisted pair cable, is the most widely used cable in local area networks, usually office settings, retail, and commercial sites. Here are the most commonly used cables. 

Fiber Optic Cable

Fiber optic cable is made up of a combination of glass threads, transmitting light-wave modulated signals. The design and structure of fiber optic cable is complex. An outer optical casing wraps the light and traps it inside a central core in this type of cable.

Twisted Pair Cable

A twisted pair cable is a common form of wiring that connects several home and business computers to the telephone organization. It's made by twisting two different insulated wires together and running them parallel to one another, which reduces crosstalk or electromagnetic induction among the pairs of wires.

Coaxial Cable

Coaxial cable, also known as a coax cable, is a copper cable with an inner conductor wrapped by foam insulation, a woven braided metal shield surrounded symmetrically around it, and a plastic jacket on top. This innovative design enables coaxial cable runs to be mounted next to metal artifacts like gutters without the power losses that most transmission lines suffer from.

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