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When shopping for network equipment, buyers should look for devices that support Power over Ethernet (PoE) or voice-over-Internet protocol (VoIP).
A computer or telecommunications network equipment combines, splits, switches, or directs data packets. This product category includes hubs, routers, bridges, switches, gateways, multiplexers, transceivers, and firewalls. Network equipment is classified by protocol (Ethernet), port or interface type (T1), and device type.
Devices are connected by networking equipment to transfer data between them. The network's architecture or structure is represented by the layout or topology of these connected devices. Additionally, general computer network topologies are bus, ring, tree, star, and mesh topologies. In addition, hybrid topologies are used.
Wireless networks utilize radio waves to communicate and do not need physical connections. Instead, cables are being used in wired networks, which have contacts for a certain type of port or interface. Attachment unit interface (AUI) cables, for example, have 15-pin connectors that link to a 15-pin receptacle on network transceivers.
Protocols, crucial procedures for network communications, handle data in computer networks. The software attributes of data exchanges, like the structure of packets and the information contained within them, are specified by network protocols. For example, containers are blocks, cells, frames, or segments, depending on the type of network. In addition, some or all of the operating parameters of the network hardware on which they run may be prescribed by network protocols.
Features and Applications
When purchasing network equipment, buyers should search for devices that support PoE or VoIP. Full-duplex devices can transmit data in both directions simultaneously and may be rack-mountable or stackable. Alarms and LED (light-emitting diode) indicators are amongst the product features that provide network administrators audible and visible notifications.
Network equipment is likely developed or suitable for specific applications. Telecommunications applications, for instance, often use hardened products. Their casings protect vital components from the elements and can act as heat sinks, moving high temperatures away from them.